for beginner to intermediate anthropology students. Deciding who is in each category starts with the relationships within the first line or two of familial kinship. Bond Flexibility The systems which have already been looked at are in place to allow lasting bonds with other camps turn into new living arrangements. Black San tend to be full time farmers and herders, and tend to be the ones contracting Yellow San. 73) While there are many other nuances to this practice, when wi is combined with familial and naming kinship, it allows any individual to treat a new acquaintance as kin. Thus, Debe should go kill Bo's father, Gau, because Gau is also a k"ausi and was the one who killed Hxome. The People of the Dobe Area. It documents their determination to take hold of their own destiny, despite exploitation of their habitat and relentless development to assert their political rights and revitalize their communities. Instead, conflicts are avoided or resolved by bond forming, bond flexibility, and the use of public discourse to dissuade bad behavior and promote good behavior. However, the incentive of having a similar unquestioned right to be cared for as an elder encourages younger individuals to make sure those who are currently elders are well cared for. Either spouse may, for any reason at any time, divorce the other and move away. Published February 4th 2002 by Wadsworth Publishing Company (first published 1993).
Postscript: The /Gwihaba Dancers. The Dobe Ju hoansi, along with other!Kung groups, use communication in combination with flexible living arrangements to accommodate individuals rather than stigmatize and punish them. 69) Thus, virtually everyone a Ju meets has a name the Ju already associates with a familial relative or non-familial kinsman at his home camp. The two quarreled until they started fighting. Combined with the open and relaxed approach the!Kung generally take towards sexual promiscuity in childhood, this rule makes marriage something that is almost purely considered for long-term alliance building. The individual camp that is of primary concern here is the camp of Ju hoansi speaking Yellow San that reside around the Dobe waterhole, named the Dobe. David Freeman, dobe Ju hoansi: Law of a Hunter-Gatherer Society. Use of the name Ju hoansi (meaning "real people acknowledges their new sense of empowerment. A spouse who shares a name with the one of the other spouse's avoidance familial relationship (parents, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews) or is of the same generation relationship (siblings, cousins) is not acceptable because it is considered incest. Instead, The Ju hoansi and other nearby hunter-gatherer peoples lived in relative harmony by the use of societal structures that work to release tension before conflicts become a problem. . 98) It seems that this norm in exchanging verbal critiques of each other in a semi-serious manner serves as both an incentive to share in work and property as well as a deterrence of undesirable activity. Of the 34 fights recorded by Lee in the Dobe waterhole, "11 involved men only, 8 were between women, and 15 were between men and women." (p.