suffice, Lehrer concludes, to justify any beliefs which are formed via that process. Plato, Meno and Theaetetus. (This point is discussed at greater length in section pieces of American History 2b below.). Plato presents and defends a version of the JTB analysis of knowledge. Open Education Design - Course for Practitioners, Vipava 2018.
Hinton, 59471 views, marko Grobelnik, 56438 views Zoubin Ghahramani, 52793 views Michael. Justification Knowledge, then, requires factual belief.
Some beliefs, those which the individual is actively entertaining, are called occurrent beliefs. (The modern version of the evil demon scenario is that you are a brain-in-a-vat, because scientists have removed your brain from your skull, connected it to a sophisticated computer, and immersed it in a vat of preservative fluid. Since it was our solution to the regress problem that led us to foundationalism, and since none of the alternatives seem palatable, we might look for a flaw in the problem itself. Qualitative Identity We typically believe that the external world is, for the most part, stable. The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Belief Let us begin with the observation that knowledge is a mental state; that is, knowledge exists in one's mind, and unthinking things cannot know anything. For instance, we might hear someone say, "I just knew it wouldn't rain, but then it did." While this may be an appropriate usage, philosophers tend to use the word "know" in a factive sense, so that one cannot know something that is not the. While it is quite easy to challenge any claim to knowledge by glibly asking, "How do you know? Conclusion, references and Further Reading. A Companion to Epistemology. It might be observed that most humans prefer wealth to poverty or life to death, but it might be invalid to infer any universal law of human behavior from this. We can also distinguish between individual knowledge and collective knowledge.