they were still expected to contribute to family income, sometimes by taking in clothing to sew at home. Socialist newspapers predominated in New Yorks Yiddish-speaking Lower East Side. Under Hillmans leadership, and supported by an active group of Jewish women who turned the unions womens bureau into a lively discussion center, the Amalgamated pioneered such social programs as unemployment insurance for seasonal workers, vacations rich Potentialities of Human Nature with pay, and retirement pensions.
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A last-ditch effort to restore morale in the acwa by reestablishing a womens bureau failed to stanch the flow. The ilgwus long-running Broadway hit, Pins and Needles, testifies to the value of these programs, both for developing the morale of members and for reaching out into the community to expand understanding and support. Even those who managed to enter were badly treated. The wtul was a uniting force, they write, because it drew together educated women reformers (mostly white, Protestant and native-born) and young women workers (many of them immigrant Jews, Italians and Irish) to improve factory wages, working conditions and hours. Suburban Sweatshops: The Fight for Immigrant Rights. Boston: Beacon Books, 2008. One of the most powerful and widereaching international treaties in the world, it reduced trade and investment barriers among the three North American nations through a gradual and methodical process. Shows the human side of globalization, exposing the way it uproots people in Latin America and Asia, driving them to emigrate.
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