also carry a single empty litter decked with a pall for all whose bodies are missing, and cannot be recovered after the battle. 4 The procession is accompanied by any one who chooses, whether citizen or stranger, and the female relatives of the deceased are present at the place of interment and make lamentation. For this reason, and also because they had recently restored their country-houses and estates after the Persian War, they had a disinclination to move. Xenophon, Hellenica,.2.20,404/3 Further reading Classical authors Modern authors Bagnall, Nigel. 4 Quite recently the island of Delos had been shaken by an earthquake for the first time within the memory of the Hellenes; 5 this was interpreted and generally believed to be a sign of coming events. London: Routledge, 1997 (hardcover, isbn ; paperback, isbn ).
A peace with Sparta might have been possible, but the Athenian fleet, now based on the island of Samos, refused to accept the change. 3 After ravaging the greater part of the country they retired. In 403 BC, the oligarchs were overthrown and a democracy was restored by Thrasybulus. 2 He also summoned to his standard many of the highland Thracians, who are independent and carry dirks; they are called Dii, and most of them inhabit Mount Rhodop; of these some were attracted by pay, while others came, as volunteers. 2 But as soon as day dawned, the Athenians, coming down with the whole strength of the city to the Piraeus, launched their ships and, embarking in tumultuous haste, sailed to Salamis, while their landforces remained and guarded the Piraeus. Soon afterwards the fleet proceeded on its voyage homewards. But the original armament 117 remained and prosecuted the siege. About the same time the Athenians sent thirty ships to cruise off Locris, having an eye also to 61 the safety of Euboea. 4 For their custom was the opposite of that which prevailed in the Persian kingdom; they were more ready to receive than to give; and he who asked and was refused was not so much discredited as he who refused when he was asked. The Macedonians were unable to defend themselves against the onset of so vast a host; they therefore retired into their strongholds and forts, which at that time were few. Some of them at times even went to war with him, as the Eleusinians under Eumolpus with Erectheus. But, due to bad weather, the Athenians were unable to rescue their stranded crews or to finish off the Spartan fleet.