not what they called themselves but is derived from Aztec writings. Technologically, the Mayans and Aztecs both did not have access to iron tools. The Aztec civilization, which emerged beginning in the 1200s, is considered the greatest of the civilizations that developed in Mesoamerica, the area extending from central Mexico to Honduras. The Olmecs are frequently forgotten entirely, and the rest are often lumped together or confused, but they were all completely distinct. Between 14, they expanded their empire until it extended nearly 2,500 miles from north to south and included as many as 16 million people. Three Great Civilizations, mayan History). The surrounding lowlands offered a hotter, wetter tropical climate and an abundance of natural resources. The pyramid was the center of the city, showing religious importance to both civilizations.
They also developed highly advanced terracing and irrigation methods to allow farming in difficult mountain terrain. Both also used irrigation systems to sustain their agriculture. They wrote in hieroglyphics, as did most of the cultures that followed them. The Aztec writing system was based on glyphs, symbols that stand for sounds or words. Excavations at Tikal, Guatemala, one of the greatest and oldest Maya centers, have revealed thousands of structures and artifacts. Differences ; Olmec culture lived in BC ; Aztecs lived in AD Olmec gradually disappeared ; Aztec were taken over by Spanish They used different types of farming Incas Olmec Similarities ; Both cultures were deeply religious Both built temples and pyramids to worship and. They used two calendars. Differences ; Inca had no writing system ; the Aztecs used Hieroglyphics. Records of inventories were kept on bundles of knotted cords called quipus. Settling first on an island in Lake Texcoco, the Aztecs expanded their control to most of central Mexico.