Greek education and culture throughout the Classical age and formed the backbone of humane education down to the time of the Roman Empire and. Yet the process was presumably carried much further in the making of the monumental Iliad, consisting of more than 16,000 verses, which would take four or five long evenings, and perhaps more, to perform. ( See also Greek literature: The genres.) Homers influence seems to have been strongest in some of the most conspicuous formal components of the poems. But even if his name is known and his date and region can be inferred, Homer remains primarily a projection of the great poems themselves.
Difference Between, oral and, written
Some aspects of the Trojan War might already have been expanded into songs of unusual length, though one that was still manageable on a single occasion. The poem is, in truth, the story of the wrath of Achilles, the greatest warrior on the Greek side, that is announced in its very first words; yet for thousands of verses on end Achilles is an unseen presence as he broods among his Myrmidons. Even apart from the possibilities of medium-scale elaboration, the Iliad and the Odyssey exemplify certain of the minor inconsistencies of all oral poetry, and occasionally the composers amalgamation of traditional material into a large-scale structure shows through. It would seem that so refined and complex a system could not be the invention of a single poet but must have been gradually evolved in a long-standing tradition that needed both the extension and the economy for functional reasonsthat depended on these fixed phrase. Many critics do not accept this however. There are objections to all three theories, but this much can be generally agreed: that the use of writing was in any case ancillary, that Homer magdalen of the Smoking Flame behaved in important ways like a traditional oral poet. The idea that Homer had descendants known as Homeridae, and that they had taken over the preservation and propagation of his poetry, goes back at least to the early 6th century bce. The absence of hard facts puzzled but did not deter the Greeks; the fictions that had begun even before the 5th century bce were developed in the Alexandrian era in the 3rd and 2nd centuries bce (when false scholarship as well as true abounded) into. Nothing, except for one or two probably Athenian additions, seems from this standpoint to be later than about 700; on the other hand, the role assigned in the Odyssey to the Phoenicians as traders, together with one or two other phenomena, suggests a date. The internal evidence of the poems is of some use in determining when Homer lived.